The Arabic word tayyib has been mentioned in both the Quran and hadith (Prophetic traditions). In fact one of the 99 names of Allah (SWT)/God is at-Tayyib which can be simplified and translated to mean: “One far removed from every imperfection and deficiency”. Isn’t that what Allah (SWT)/ God is – perfect?
So what is tayyibaat?
Well, tayyibaat is the plural of tayyibah which is the female version of tayyib. Although Arabic is a very rich language that cannot be translated word to word into other languages, especially into English, a simple analysis of the word enlightens us that the root word tayyib can be translated to mean “good, clean, wholesome, gentle, excellent, fair and lawful”. Therefore, to simplify the term, the Arabic word tayyib is commonly used to mean “good and pure”.
The word “tayyib” is referenced in both hadith and the Quran. Some of the recordings are documented below:
- It was reported in a hadith (Prophetic traditions) by Abu Hurayrah (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah, said that Allaah is Tayyib (Good), far removed from any Imperfection, and that he accepts only what is good. [Muslim]
- Quran (35:10) explains that Allah (SWT) accepts our good deeds: “Whoever desires honor [through power] – then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. “
- Quran (24:26) further explains that : “Evil words are for evil men, and evil men are [subjected] to evil words. And good words are for good men, and good men are [an object] of good words.”
- The importance of tayyib (Good) is further reinforced even during the time of death in the ayah (verse) Quran (16:32): “The ones whom the angels take in death, [being] good and pure; [the angels] will say, “Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise for what you used to do.”
- The Quran, clearly states that the food needs to be halāl (permissible) and have characteristics of tayyibah (good and pure) as the ayah (verse) in Quran (2:168) states: “O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.”
Written by: Dr. Thamina Anwar